Reference

How to Measure Your Bolt Pattern


Sometimes it is inevitable. You like the wheels on your Jeep, but just saw a set on another Wrangler that you love more. Or, maybe you gave those wheels a bit of 'off-road' rock rash the last time you were on an adventure and want to change. Perhaps it is just time. It happens, but when it does and you are ready to pull the trigger on some new ones, it definitely can be a bit confusing on what wheel bolt pattern is right for your rig. You may know the wheel size you need thanks to your tires, but bolt pattern is a different story. That's because, while most Jeeps have a five lugs, different models have different spacing between the lugs. For example, all JK Wrangler vehicles (2007-18) have a 5x5 bolt pattern - meaning five lugs with a five inch spacing. Earlier TJ Wrangler models (1997-06) and YJ editions (1987-95) employ a 5x4.5 pattern. Other Jeeps may use different lug set ups, so our Jeep-specific chart below breaks down vehicle year/model and bolt pattern to help you decide which one exactly represents your vehicle.

Vehicle/Year Ranges OEM Wheel Size Lug Pattern Stud Size Hub Center Bore
2020 Jeep Gladiator JT 17" - 18" 5 on 5 14mm x 1.50 71.5
18 - 20 Jeep Wrangler JL 17" - 18" 5 on 5 14mm x 1.50 71.5
07 - 18 Jeep Wrangler JK 17" - 18" 5 on 5 1/2 x 20 71.5
97 - 06 Jeep Wrangler TJ 15" - 16" 5 on 4.5 1/2 x 20 71.5
87 - 95 Jeep Wrangler YJ 15" - 16" 5 on 4.5 1/2 x 20 71.5
41 - 86 Jeep MB & CJ Series 15" 5 on 5.5 1/2 x 20 108
84 - 01 Jeep Cherokee XJ & Commanche MJ 15" 5 on 4.5 1/2 x 20 71.5
93 - 98 Jeep Grand Cherokee ZJ 15" 5 on 4.5 1/2 x 20 71.5
99 - 04 Jeep Grand Cherokee WJ 16" - 20" 5 on 5 1/2 x 20 71.5
05 - 10 Jeep Grand Cherokee WK 16" - 20" 5 on 5 1/2 x 20 71.5
11 - 19 Jeep Grand Cherokee WK2 16" - 20" 5 on 5 14mm x 150 71.5
14 - 19 Jeep Cherokee KL 17" - 18" 5 x 110(metric) 12mm x 1.25 65.1
06 - 10 Jeep Commander XK 17" - 18" 5 on 5 1/2 x 20 71.5
02 - 12 Jeep Liberty KJ/KK 16" - 18" 5 x 4.5 1/2 x 20 71.5
07 - 16 Jeep Compass, Patriot 17" - 18" 5 on 4.5 12 x 1.5 67.1
62 - 73 Jeep J Series & Full Size Wagoneer 15" 5 x 5.5 1/2 x 20 108
74 - 91 Jeep J Series & Full Size Wagoneer 15" 6 on 5.5 7/16 108

Now that you know bolt patterns, some of you may be unsure what type of Jeep you have or its year. Rather than go on an exhaustive trek to get that information, just measure that lug pattern size. First, count the lug bolt holes. On a Jeep, you normally have five lugs which makes measuring a bit tricky, but not difficult - you just need to measure the bolt pattern circle (the yellow circle on the diagram below). To do that, pick any bolt hole to start from, align your ruler at the outer most edge of the hole, then skip one bolt hole and measure to the center of the next adjacent hole (as indicated by the blue line in the diagram). That will give you your bolt pattern circle diameter (the yellow circle on the diagram). On this particular wheel, it has five holes and when we measured the bolt pattern circle diameter, it was 4.5". So, we would say the bolt pattern is 5 on 4.5 or 5x4.5.


How to Properly Torque Lug Nuts

Making sure those lug nuts are snug once the wheels go on isn't just lip service. It is something crucial to ensure proper safety when operating your Jeep vehicle. So, once those wheels are on your Jeep, start by using a good lug wrench like the Gorilla Power Lug Wrench and tighten the first lug to its proper torque (the exact torque for your vehicle can be found in your owners manual). Then, move to the lug nut adjacent to the one you tightened. Next, move back across the wheel again. Follow the pattern shown in the diagram below, working back and forth across the wheel until all lug nuts have been properly torqued. If your know your lug size, but do not have an owners manual, you can check our lug nut torque chart for the proper torque setting. One thing to keep in mind, do not over torque those lug nuts. Make sure you know the proper torque spec for your vehicle as over-torqued lug nuts can shear off and could cause you to lose control of the Jeep.

Once you have the proper bolt pattern for your Jeep, make sure to head over to our Wheel and Wheel Accessory page to check out all the great available options.


Lug Size Ft/Lbs Torque
7/16" 55-65
1/2" 75-85
9/16" 95-115
5/8" 135-145
12mm 72-80
14mm 85-95

IMPORTANT NOTICE:  After installing your new wheels lugs, please check the lug torque after 20-30 miles.  Recheck the torque after an additional 100 miles. 

Reference the Owner's Manual for factory specifications of proper wheel torque

Tags: 

Top Jeep Articles

  • August 12, 2020
  • 5 min read
Jeep Unveils Farout Gladiator Concept Featuring Diesel Engine, Overlanding Comforts
Sequel to last year's Wayout, this concept shows off the Jeep Gladiator's ability to take you deep into the wilderness, while giving you the comforts to enjoy the trip.
READ MORE
  • August 11, 2020
  • 15 min read
How To Repair, Enhance Recovery Gear With Factor 55 Products
American-made accessories are engineered to help augment, as well as fix, any issues in your recovery gear arsenal.
READ MORE
  • August 10, 2020
  • 11 min read
How To Install EVO NoLimits Manual Sway Bar Disconnect System
Designed for those Rubicon owners who have issues with the factory electronic sway bar disconnects, this manual set up allows users to toggle between connected and disconnected with a few quick dial turns.
READ MORE
  • August 7, 2020
  • 14 min read
How To Install Method Race Wheels MR106 Beadlock Wheels
Designed to be strong and light, these beadlock rims allow for extra low tire pressure when off-roading so you'll have the ultimate in traction and performance.
READ MORE
  • August 5, 2020
  • 5 min read
Differences Between Factory Style and Frameless Soft Tops
Frameless soft tops are a popular option these days and do have some differences from the factory soft top.
READ MORE
  • July 29, 2020
  • 13 min read
Overlanding Education Just As Important As Products, Vehicles
Knowing how to respect the land is a serious responsibility that everyone should accept when heading out on an overlanding adventure.
READ MORE
  • July 29, 2020
  • 9 min read
How To Install And Use A Tuff Mudder Performance Alternator
Factory Jeep Wrangler alternators just do not have the overall amps to handle additional power needs when winches, auxiliary lighting, fridge freezers, or other power-drawing mods are added on the vehicle.
READ MORE
  • July 23, 2020
  • 11 min read
Jeep Cooler and Fridge Freezer Buying Guide
Whether you are headed on an overnight camping trip, a weekend adventure, or something a bit longer, Jeep coolers and fridge freezers give you exactly what you need to keep food and drink just the right temperature.
READ MORE
  • July 22, 2020
  • 6 min read
How To Take Care Of Your Jeep Soft Top
All it takes is a little love and you'll get years worth of return from your Jeep soft top.
READ MORE